Part three on what to grow for Preppers
Annuals, Biennials and Perennials. Annuals are planted as seeds, emerge in the spring and die back in fall or winter. Biennials become established in the first year, then they produce seed and die in the second year. Perennials live for more than 2 years and produce seed most every year.
Reasons to Grow Perennials;
They require less work – once perennials get growing, all you have to do is keep the “weeds” back, perform some basic regular pruning and enjoy the crop when harvest time rolls around.
To increase your food production – perennials are often some of the first foods to emerge in the spring (ramps, chives, rhubarb and sorrel come to mind) and they are also some of the last harvested foods of the season (pears and apples).
Deeper roots = less watering – since perennials stay put in the ground, they are able to extend their roots deeper into the soil. If you live in an area that experiences drought, perennials may be the key to your gardening success.
Soil improvers – when you stop disturbing the soil, such as in no-dig gardening, you will improve the health of your soil every season.
Nutrient gatherers – the deeper roots of perennials will help to bring essential nutrients closer to the surface of the soil. This, in turn, favors the germination of annuals and biennials.
Rhubarb – Rheum rhabarbarum
Sorrel – Rumex acetosa
Chives – Allium schoenoprasum
Asparagus – Asparagus officinalis
Jerusalem artichoke – Helianthus tuberosus
Globe artichoke – Cynara scolymus
Horseradish – Armoracia rusticana
Watercress – Nasturtium officinale
Garlic (typically grown as an annual) – Allium sativum
Kale (typically grown as an annual) – Brassica oleracea var. sabellica
Bunching onions – Egyptian onions – Allium proliferum
Good King Henry – Chenopodium bonus-henricus
Lovage – Levisticum officinale
Rampsons – Allium ursinum
Ostrich fern – Matteuccia struthiopteris
Radicchio (typically grown as an annual) – Cichorium intybus
Three cornered leek – Allium triquetrum
Nasturtium -Nasturtium officinale
Groundnut Apios Americana
Scarlet Runner Beans -Phaseolus coccineus
Sea Kale – Crambe maritime