i started putting this together many years ago and my health went down hill and this was as far as I went with it.

Module 1 Urban Survival

Why teach “survival” in the city?

Catastrophes vs. disasters

This is about your SURVIVAL, not volunteering

Priorities for human survival

Shelter construction

Fire making


Equipment and supplies

Social implications of disasters

Personal security concerns

Complete loss of civil infrastructure

Minimal or no police, fire or EMS response

No electricity, municipal water, communications

Transport of fuel / food is severely impaired

Public safety agencies will be overwhelmed

Recovery is long term (over 30 days)

Disaster V. Catastrophe

Disasters are short term

Make do for 3-4 days until help arrives…”

Catastrophic events are long term

Katrina-scale hurricane, tsunami, earthquake

Major terror attack, nuclear detonation, dirty bomb

No help is coming soon, “you are on your own”

What the military survival schools teach:

Seven Priorities For Survival

“Hope for the best, but prepare for the worst”

Positive mental attitude

First Aid / Sanitation






Situational awareness, basic knowledge and

a “survivor’s mindset” enable you to cope effectively

STOP Calm down, and size up your situation…

THINK Anticipate which hazards are most likely

Take stock of materials and resources around you

OBSERVE Orient yourself to your surroundings

PLAN Select equipment and supplies appropriately

ACT! Execute your plan, evaluate progress, adjust, “party on.”


Have an evacuation kit ready at all times

Don’t presume that a disaster will be short-term

Pack essentials first, then consider comfort items

In real emergences, forget last-minute purchases

Plan for more supplies than you “think” you may need

Inspect / renew your supplies each spring and fall

Provide entertainment for young children.


Size Up Your Situation

Determine Objectives (stay or evacuate?)

Identify Resources (either stored supplies or salvaged materials from your surroundings)

Evaluate Options (use the safest way)

Plan (use your head)

Act…Improvise and overcome


Maintain personal and family health

Prompt treatment reduces infection risk

Sanitation reduces risk of disease vectors

Water borne illnesses, diarrhoea

Major cause of dehydration

Increases your survivability!

Disaster Injury Risk Factors:

Tool / equipment hazards, risk of hand, eye, head injuries, electric shock, chemical burns

Human factors stress / fatigue

Structural instability

Trauma risk, falls, building collapse potential

Terrain, loose rock, fallen limbs, wet or insecure footing, risk of falls, puncture wounds and lacerations from debris.

Disaster Contamination:

Stagnant surface water

Mosquito breeding

Contaminated flood waters

Sewage treatment system overflow

Petroleum, industrial, agricultural chemical contamination

Airborne contaminant plumes

Smoke, dust, toxic gases,

or radioactive fallout.


Protection from the elements

Wind and rain resistant

Insulation from cold

The “Stay or Evacuate” Decision

If evacuation is not mandatory, the same safety rules

for entering a structure apply to using your home as shelter


There is structural damage

(6 sides of the “box” are not plumb)

Utilities cannot be controlled

Structure was damaged in a fire

DO NOT occupy a floor that has been flooded,

micotoxins from molds are respiratory hazard!


Best to relocate with friends or relatives outside of affected area

Don’t rely on government-run shelters

They are an “option of last resort” for those unable to evacuate

Evacuation route selection is important

Make sure your vehicle can carry essentials

A huge “bug-out” vehicle is a handicap on crowded roads

It uses more fuel, which may be expensive / scarce in an emergency.

Don’t plan on fuel being available en route

In normal times always keep your gas tank at least half full

Upon warning an event is imminent, conserve fuel, keep tank ¾ full

Carry extra fuel containers outside the vehicle


Population of the area

Propensity to self-evacuate, overwhelmingly by automobile

Wide distribution of evacuation destinations,

Perceived vulnerability to terror attack, and anticipation of multiple attacks


A large-scale, chaotic mass self-evacuation should be anticipated.


Critical facilities that cannot evacuate (hospitals, EOCs) must continue to operate

Necessary if fallout/contamination would arrive before evacuation can be completed

Fallout Shelters will be needed to protect against high level radiation/detonation

Shelter-in-place (not necessarily Fallout Shelter) near RDD/very low level

Shelter stay may range from a few days to 2 weeks.

Authorities outside affected area can organize rescue/evacuation effort

Shelter occupants may be exposed and/or contaminated.

Necessary if operations can not be transferred or if staff, patients or clients cannot evacuate

Necessary if needed to support operations of other response agencies

Must have Radiological Monitoring & Exposure Control capabilities

Critical Facilities may be used to shelter families of the staff

Critical Facilities will not be used to shelter the general public.

DECONTAMINATION after a flood or attack

start immediately, even if you don’t know what the agent is.


If you are contaminated:

Remove everything, including jewelry

Cut off clothing normally removed over the head

Place contaminated clothing in plastic bag, tie closed

Wash your hands before using them to shower

Flush entire body with cool water

Blot dry with absorbent cloth

Put on clean clothes

Avoid use of affected areas, to prevent re-exposure

If professional help arrives, report to responders

for thorough decontamination and medical assessment.

Sheltering at Home During an Emergency

For using a building without working utilities as shelter

Exhaust – candles, camp stoves, lanterns, generators,

heaters, charcoal grills, all generate carbon monoxide

and must not be used indoors!

Open flame – above ignition sources

must never be left unattended!

Fuel – most of the above require flammable fuels

to operate, which must be stored outdoors.

Use Fire Marshal approved fuel containers

Improvised Emergency Shelters

As in all real estate, most important is location:

Avoid low spots with poor drainage

Seek a gently sloped area so that surface water drains away

Sheltered from prevailing winds

Away from bodies of water (attracts insects and animals)

Insulated from direct contact with ground, rock,

or concrete, which conducts away body heat.

Avoid as shelter:

Areas around downed utility lines

In or near culverts

Within the “collapse zone” of a damaged building

(maintain 2:1 ratio of distance away to building height)

Improvised Shelters:





Don’t disable a good car!

Remove car batteries to power communications and

shelter lighting only from cars that do not start

If a car starts reserve it for emergency evacuation, or

Use it as a “battery charger”

Salvage lighting, remove dome lights, tail lights,

trunk lights, etc. & with at least 36” of wires.

Position batteries in shelter; attach wires & lights

As batteries discharge, replace with new batteries

or recharge batteries.

Emergency Shelter Materials:

Salvage building materials from debris or

from damaged structures only when it can be done safely

Plastic sheeting

Roofing paper and shingles

Siding, plywood

Chain link fence



Wire, rope, and fasteners

Build Your Shelter In Layers

Structural framing: lumber, plywood, fencing, metal

Fasteners: reinforce structural connections with nails, wire or rope ties, wooden spikes

Water and wind proofing: plastic sheeting, tarp, shingles, roofing paper

Insulation: drywall, leaves, tree branches, carpeting, (may also be used as ballast to hold water/wind proofing layer in place)


Day: Mirror flashes – best daylight signal device


Brightly colored cloth flag / panel (VS-17)

ICAO surface-to-air signals

V Require assistance

X Need medical assistance

Y Yes – affirmative

N No – negative

I am proceeding in this direction

Night: Flashing strobe light


Signal flares

Sound, i.e. whistle, siren, vehicle horn


Maintains body temperature

Great morale booster

Deters wild animals and insects

Boils water

Cooks food

Used as day (smoke)

or night (light) signal


Matches or lighter

Flint and steel (Doan Machinery Corp. Fire Starter)

Use cotton ball and petroleum jelly as tinder

Battery and steel wool

Fresnel lens


Minimum for drinking

1 gallon per person, per day

More water is needed for

Cooking and food preparation

Personal hygiene, sanitation and decontamination

Store a two week supply as minimum

Food grade containers with screw caps

Away from direct sunlight


Captive water in household hot water tank and interior plumbing is OK

Filter cloudy water to remove particulates, using an EPA-rated filter

with a pore size ≤ 1 micron, then:

Disinfect with Clorox (6% sodium hypochlorite) add 8 drops of Chlorox

bleach per gallon if clear, 16 drops if cloudy, let water stand 15 minutes before use

Or boil vigorously for 15 minutes

Store potable water in clean containers.

All natural sources (from springs, ponds, rivers or streams)

must be boiled or chemically disinfected.

Chemical disinfection or boiling – Kills bacteria and viruses

Doesn’t remove particulates or chemical pollutants

Filtration – Coffee filters, etc. remove gross particulates only

EPA-rated filters (pore size smaller than 1 micron) are needed

to remove bacteria, viruses and Giardia cysts, but don’t remove chemical pollutants.

Distillation is the most effective method.


Lowest of the seven survival priorities

Need is mostly mental, because we are used to eating regularly

Healthy people will do OK without food for a week or more, if they are well hydrated

Balanced nutrition is a important health factor for elderly and infants.


Food in a refrigerator is safe for a day after the power goes off,

either use it in 24 hours or throw it away

Frozen food is safe if there are still ice crystals,

once thawed, cook and consume it within 24 hours

Next use non-perishables and dry staples

Canned foods are best for long term storage

(up to 4 years) but are heavy to transport and bulky to store

Dry packaged foods are easiest to transport

Choose foods requiring minimal preparation

Eat at least one balanced meal daily

Include nutritional supplements in supplies

Drink enough water.


MREs, or Heater Meals

Prepared survival rations

Primitive survival methods:






Folding utility knife or multi-tool

Scout type, Leatherman, Swiss Army

Manual can opener, if not on utility knife

Sturdy fixed blade, such as 5″ Military knife

For chopping, digging, or as pry bar

Shovel, Gerber field spade or similar

Hand saw, #7947 Fiskars Woodzig Pruning Saw, folding 10″



Each person should have their own backpack of personal essentials


Portable radio

Extra batteries

First Aid Kit, (containing a first aid manual)

Personal medications and sanitation supplies

Cooking and eating utensils

Wool blanket or sleeping bag for each person

Sturdy shoes and extra socks

Rain gear

Change of warm clothing and underwear

Items for special needs, care of infants


Electronic transactions, account verifications may be impossible

Evacuate with enough cash for at least two weeks of essentials

Carry account numbers, contact addresses and telephone numbers for all important persons and institutions

Helping one’s unprepared friends and neighbours may prove expensive!


Cumulative psychological effects upon survivors

Evacuate or Stay? – Do you have a plan?

Where will you go? Is it safe to travel? Can you REALLY get there? Do you have enough resources to make it work?

Warn friends not to invite others to come and evacuate with them

They’ll overwhelm your limited resources!

Never allow family members to be separated

Even if it means waiting for later rescue and/or evacuation

The well prepared may be threatened by those who weren’t – get to know your neighbors NOW for a safer community later in case of a disaster

Make plans to ensure neighbourhood security/family protection

Post a guard in rotating shifts, to deter roving criminals or looters

Keep firearms and ammunition safely secured

Take a home firearms safety-protection course

Lessons from Hurricane Katrina

When help arrives, you may get it

“…….whether you want it or not.”

Don’t believe that all rescuers will respect your property

Relief workers from other States often don’t know local laws

Relief organizations have their own bureaucratic requirements that may conflict with your needs

Expect frustration over lack of communication and empathy by rescuers and local/State government.


Positive attitude – Stop Think Observe Plan

First Aid / Sanitation – Maintain proper hygiene, preserve family health, prevent illness or injury

Shelter – Protection from environmental hazards – use Time, Distance, Shielding

Signaling / Communication- be heard / seen

Fire – Warmth, light, food prep, water sterilization

Water – Prevent water-borne illnesses through filtration, chemical sterilization, boiling or distillation

Food – Eat at least one balanced meal daily, drink enough water, include nutritional supplements

Equipment- Flashlight, knife, saw, axe, shovel

Planning – Prepare a Kit, Make A Plan!

Module 2

Firearms Holster Proficiency

Course safety

Three fundamentals of gun control

Safety in the classroom

Safety on the range

Safety equipment

Legislation, Regulations and Rules


What you need

Types of handguns used


Semi-automatic pistols


Range communications

Safe handling of handguns

Loading & unloading a handgun

Safe clearance of malfunctions

Safety checks on handguns

Basic reloading information


Module 3 Defensive Driving

Defensive driving is relevant, enjoyable, and will far improve your skills and ability levels. Young drivers are strongly encouraged to develop better on-road defensive driving skills and more solid techniques, but more experienced drivers also benefit enormously from advanced driver training, including the correction of old habits and improving judgement and reactions. This one-day Defensive Driving Course Level 1 course is suited to all drivers of regular passenger vehicles, including four-wheel drives and light commercial vehicles. The mix of practical and theoretical components of this advanced driver training session deliver actual on-road safety skills that underpin proactive driving.

The practical driving component of our Defensive Driving Program is conducted on wet roads at suburban speeds. It includes a variety of on road exercises including emergency braking, swerving and multiple direction changes.

The aim of these exercises is to educate drivers in:

A comprehensive open forum that exposes many well worn motoring myths and where we are most vulnerable in our driving habits. The open forum is a time for breaking down barriers.

Enlightening facts about tyre capabilities and the absolute necessity of understanding their limitations.

Practical simulated emergencies in a controlled environment on the bitumen. You do the driving.

Extensive correctional tuition in simulated emergencies in skid control/skid prevention/car control.

Practical simulated emergencies and skid control/skid prevention on an unsealed surface*.

Extensive correctional techniques for dirt driving*.

Explanations of vehicle dynamics and how they change according to the dirt surface.

Defensive driving guidelines that will help avoid “the other driver”.

*(Dirt component may be altered due to weather/track conditions – in the event of poor conditions an extension in bitumen surface training will be implemented).

The classroom component of this course covers basic road safety concepts and the key principals of defensive driving including:

Through practical driving exercises, become more ‘speed aware’, particularly in how the degree of vehicle control difficulty increases exponentially in relation to increases in vehicle speeds.

Develop an understanding of basic vehicle dynamics, in emergency situations

Learn to predict potential hazards, identify risky situations and minimise danger

Understand the importance of keeping your vision high and maintaining sensible safety margins around your vehicle at all times

Develop a positive and proactive attitude towards defensive driving

Module 4 Knife Skills

It has become increasingly clear that the world we live in is rapidly changing. Values that were once accepted as being the norm are no longer valid and the need to take control and responsibility for your own personal safety is now critical to individual survival. Violent crimes on the streets and inside of homes of the citizens that involve edged weapons are taking place on a daily basis. Awareness of personal safety issues are at the forefront of individuals everyday concerns and especially those who have families and work in occupations that put them in potentially risky situations.Nobody can expect criminals to do the right thing or for Government Agencies to be able to protect you from these people in times of social disorder, or in the instant that you life is threatened. Being proficient in some form of Tactical Knife Method is not an overreaction to the current state of the world or a product of unjustifiable paranoia, but more a small step in helping to guarantee yourself preservation and in turn, that of those in your care.

The rapid escalation of blade assaults on Australian streets, as well as the growing edged weapon problems emerging in areas of organised criminal activity, indicate that the use of the blade and other edged implements is on the increase and is now the weapon of choice amongst many career criminals, gang members, and even teenage groups, with the ease of availability and the ability to conceal these weapons making them attractive to those who have no regard for the laws of society.When it comes to teaching the concepts and techniques required to minimize potential injury by bladed weapon assaults, even the best martial arts generalist can’t be expected to have expert answers to such a specialist problem. In addition, it is a dangerous misconception to think that non knife specialists are in any way qualified to design concepts and techniques to be used against knife attacks, even if the attacker is someone who is untrained..

Module 5 Knife Defense

In this seven day intensive course you will be learn techniques from the highly respected and innovative combative systems.The extensive content covered in this course will take your edged, impact and improvised weapon skills to a whole new level. Learn how to defend against knife and stick attacks using both empty hand and improvised weapon defences. Learn how to utilise found items as edged weapons, short & long impact weapons and more!

Module 6 Hand to Hand

Level 1 – Foundation SkillsDay 1&2

Introduction, Isolation and Integration of Intercepting and Stabilising Skills

Forklift, Helmet, Dive, Arm Drag, 2 on 1 Escort, Wrist Weave, Seatbelt, Harness, Body Lock, Shake the Blanket, Under hook and Pike, The Triple Threat

Introduction to Resolution – The “S” Position, Arm Wrap and Knee Ride

Day 3

Resolution – above + back mount with rides, handlebar, resolution for cuffing

Integration of Day 1&2 skills against alive resistance during various drills including multiple subjects and confined spaces

Level 2 – Intermediate ApplicationsDay 4&5 Ground and Combative Applications including attached striking, clinch with cloth, ground recovery, clinch

Module 7 Medical

Field Medical training in Austere Environments

providing personnel with the skills, knowledge & attitude required to

undertake the initial or ongoing management of a range of life-threatening

medical emergencies, in a range of tactical situations & environments. Based on proven tactical medical practice

courses cover such topics as;

Introduction to tactical medical operations

Tactical Risk assessment & management strategies

Communications, leadership & decision-making

Phases of tactical care & scene management

Tactical medical equipment

Tactical patient assessment

Tactical trauma care

Tactical triage & evacuation techniques

Care through the barricade

Tactical emergency drills

Integrating with emergency services

Medical threat assessments

Module 8 Wilderness First Aid

Basic Wilderness First Aid (BWFA) (2 days – 16 hours) Fun, practical and loaded with scenarios this is the ideal introduction to the field of Wilderness Medicine for those playing in the outdoors. Wilderness First Aid (inc CPR) (3 days – 24 hours) This 3-day course covers the same material as the 2-day course as well as offering CPR and more scenario based teaching. A well rounded introduction to Wilderness First Aid for bushwalkers, climbers, paddlers and those who find themselves out and about. Advanced Wilderness First Aid (AWFA) (4 days – 32 hours) The AWFA course is an excellent starting point for serious recreational adventurers or those starting in the Outdoor Recreation/Education fields. Plenty of scenarios, CPR/EAR and a solid understanding of patient assessment sets you up for success.

Module 8 Defensive Tactics Course2 days full time

Content: Legalities, Force Continuum Techniques etc Baton Techniques Handcuff Techniques Pressure Point Control Techniques Joint Locks/Escort Techniques Blocks, Strikes & Kicks, Restraint and removal techniques.

This program presents in-depth information for instruction of operational personnel in empty hand defensive tactics, restraint & control, mechanical restraints, and intermediate force options with the expandable baton. The strategies presented are simple, practical and effective, and are designed for use by operational personnel in real world situations against real violence. Theory content covers threat assessment, interpersonal communication for conflict, understanding stress, lawful guidelines for use of force responses, human physiology, anatomy and biomechanics and fundamental combat principles and concepts. Practical content for empty hand component covers strategies for creating distance, escape countermeasures, strike theory, takedowns and ground work, low and high threat restraint and control strategies, fundamentals of weapons awareness and defence against multiple subjects. Mechanical restraints and baton components cover types of restraints and batons, carriage, lawful use and maintenance or equipment. Trainer content includes professional demeanour and presentation, safety in training, class formats and structure, using active and dynamic drills effectively, creating tactical blueprints and avoiding training scars, and general fitness for use of force incidents.

Module 9 Improvised weaponry

Tactical Shemagh, kubutons, improvised tools from everyday objects, tactical pens, Custom made SD Tools, short stick 21”, canes 36”.

Module 10 Blade introduction

Bevels – primary, secondary

Cuts – chop, push ,slice, whittle, tip cope, edge cope, draw, shearing, thrust

Grinds – flat, hollow, chisel, convex

Steels – stainless, carbon

Tempering – hardening

Parts – tang, clip, ridge line, ricasso, choil, belly, false edge, grind plunge

Grips – reverse, hammer, ice pick, fencers, sabre

Module 11 Lie Detection Techniques

Module 12 Bug out bags and EDC’s

Module 13 Home Security

Module 14 Self Defense Awareness

Module 15 Combative Anatomy

Module 16 Car Jacking Prevention

Module 17 Escape and Evasion

Module 18 Rape Prevention

Module 19 Pandemics

Module 20 IED Recognition

Module 21 Home Preps Test

Module 22 Vehicle Break in Prevention